Information Security at ARIN
ARIN is committed to the security of your data. We have implemented various measures to protect your user account and record information and to ensure that your communication with ARIN is trusted.
ARIN understands customers’ need to verify appropriate security baselines are being met. To meet this need, we pursue industry standard security certifications that attest to our ability to safeguard our systems and data.
Recognizing the global importance of cybersecurity and the value of Service Organization Control (SOC) 2 as a relevant framework to North America and our customer base, ARIN successfully completed the SOC 2 Type 1 audit of its Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) in December 2022, and is currently working toward SOC 2 Type 2 certification to be completed in late 2023.
Read our post on the ARIN Blog for more information on our SOC 2 certification.
Security Practices at ARIN
Information security and data protection, which are critical to defending against threats such as fraud, hacking, and phishing attacks, have always been a priority at ARIN. We have dedicated significant resources to ensuring the secure design of our systems and the careful safeguarding of our customers’ data.
ARIN has implemented various measures to protect your information and to ensure that your communication with ARIN is trusted, including:
- Following security industry best practices to protect data that is stored and managed at ARIN
- Performing third-party security audits on an annual basis
- Requiring strong passwords and two-factor authentication (2FA) for ARIN user accounts.
Application Programming Interface (API) Keys
What We Do to Secure Your Data
We follow industry-standard security best practices to protect your data that is stored and managed at ARIN.
- We maintain firewalls and other network security systems to prevent unauthorized access to our network where your data is stored.
- We actively log and monitor our systems to detect questionable network traffic and behavior, unauthorized login attempts, and other attempted security breaches.
- All HTTP services utilize Transport Layer Security (HTTPS), which ensures the confidentiality and integrity of communications between you and ARIN.
- ARIN systems are updated regularly to protect against viruses, phishing attempts, malware, and other security risks.
- Sensitive information is encrypted at rest and available only for authenticated users using access control.
- Private keys used for our secure systems are stored safely. Our Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) keys are stored in a Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS)-compliant hardware security module (HSM). Domain Name System Security (DNSSEC) keys are stored using a security appliance.
ARIN performs third-party security audits on an annual basis. These third-party audits are comprised of but not limited to:
- penetration testing
- application-specific vulnerability testing
- internal penetration attacks
The results of the audits are shared with the ARIN Board of Trustees. If necessary, remediation work is scheduled to address any outstanding security issues.
Internal Security Measures
We take a number of steps internally to protect your data.
- Regular software updates, especially those that contain security fixes, are pushed automatically to employees’ systems.
- We require two-factor authentication for employees to gain access to our network, and our network requires regularly-scheduled password changes.
- All employees have managed endpoint security software installed on their systems to protect against viruses, malware, and other security risks.
- All ARIN employees receive annual security training and participate in regular phishing awareness exercises.
- All employee email is analyzed to protect against spam, viruses, impersonation, and other phishing attempts.
- Access control is limited to those who require access to sensitive data.
- When end-of-life equipment is retired, all hard drives and other storage media are shredded, on premises, by an independently verified and audited third-party vendor with ARIN supervision.
- Physical locations where ARIN data is stored, including our headquarters and off-site data centers, are secure, and access is restricted through multiple security implementations.
- We do not store credit card information; credit card payment processing is handled by a third-party service.
Security for External System Users
External users of ARIN systems are required to use strong passwords and two-factor authentication on their ARIN user accounts.
ARIN provides some services that require the use of Application Programming Interface (API) Keys. Users create an API key that is tied to their user account and provides additional security when interacting with ARIN’s systems. As an additional measure, all mail from firstname.lastname@example.org is signed with a PGP signature.
What You Can Do to Secure Your Data
Although ARIN has implemented many security measures, we need your help in ensuring these methods keep your data safe. Some of the ways in which you can protect your data include:
- Ensure that your contact information for your Internet number resources is up to date.
- Enable DNS security (DNSSEC) to provide data authentication and data integrity for DNS query resolution using public key cryptography.
- Certify your routing data using Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) to ensure that authorized autonomous systems (ASes) are used to route data for your IP addresses. You can also obtain certified routing data from ARIN for use in your network routing decisions by downloading ARIN’s Trust Anchor Locator and using it with an RPKI validator.
- Submit your routing data to ARIN’s Internet Routing Registry (IRR) to ensure that the routes to your network are recognized as authenticated. You can also obtain authorized routing information to use in your network routing decisions.
Requesting Security Information from ARIN
For customers who would like to request a list of policies and controls that ARIN has in place, please submit a question using the Ask ARIN feature in your ARIN Online account.
ARIN Personal Data Privacy Principles
- ARIN obtains personal data only for specific lawful purposes and by consent of the individual.
- ARIN stores personal data with appropriate protections for its integrity and confidentiality.
- ARIN stores personal data for as long as necessary for the purposes for which it was obtained.
- ARIN will use reasonable efforts to process requests from individuals for correction or deletion of their personal data where feasible.
- ARIN will direct any agents or contractors acting on its behalf to adhere to these (or equivalent) personal data privacy principles.