In 2008, The American Registry for Internet Numbers ("ARIN") continued to build upon the work defined by the 7 May 2007 resolution by the Board of Trustees that advised the Internet community that migration to the new version of Internet protocol, IPv6, will be necessary to allow continued Internet growth. As an organization, ARIN has advocated the importance of awareness and preparedness for IPv4 depletion and IPv6 adoption, and increased its focus on supporting Internet governance and community outreach to meet this goal.
ARIN has been an active participant in various governmental and Internet governance meetings, where staff have contributed to discussions about the governmental implications of Internet community issues regarding IPv4 depletion and IPv6 adoption. There has been an initiative to expand community participation in ARIN and the Policy Development Process by increasing the organization's visibility through participation in tradeshows and industry events. Robust participation is needed to insure that broader needs are met as the Internet community negotiates the challenges to be faced over the next few years. ARIN also continues to perform education surrounding the Regional Internet Registry ("RIR") community and IP addressing with the hope that increased understanding will encourage greater community involvement. Continued transparency is critical for the community as it navigates the important operational changes that will be required during the transition to IPv6.
ARIN has been distributing IPv6 address space since 1999, but as the results of the survey held in conjunction with the Cooperative Association for Internet Data Analysis ("CAIDA") revealed, IPv6 uptake has been limited by a multitude of factors. However, with only 15% of the prevalent IPv4 address space left available for allocation, the global Internet community must take urgent action to ensure continued access to essential network services. This transition calls for a phased approach, and technical solutions that will allow the IPv4 and IPv6 Internet to function seamlessly in tandem. Organizations will not have access to the previously deep pool of IPv4 address blocks that have allowed their past growth. Continued growth will be predicated on finding ways to enable IPv6 for public-facing sites and services over the next few years.
ARIN continues to work in close coordination with other RIRs' national and international community organizations, and local and national governments to meet continually changing operational needs of the Internet community. ARIN supports the sober and responsible enforcement of community developed Internet number resource policy, and is dedicated to well-established principle of Internet governance, universal access, and the stable functionality of the Internet.
I would like to extend my thanks to all who participated in ARIN's processes, thereby contributing to the successes of 2008. Everyone who attends meetings, participates in the Policy Development Process, or votes in various ARIN elections contributed to ARIN's success as an organization and a community. I would also like to thank my fellow members of the Board of Trustees and those serving on the Advisory Council or on the NRO Number Council. These are volunteer positions, elected by our membership and community. They receive no monetary compensation for their work with ARIN and are often called on to work long hours in addition to their regular workdays.
ARIN owes its existence to the services it is called to perform for the community, and increased participation provides more opportunities to administer these services to the benefit of the entire community. As we continue the transition from IPv4 to IPv6, the voice of the community is more important than ever. In 2009, we encourage your participation as we strive to serve you at the highest possible level.
ARIN Board of Trustees
2007-17: Legacy Outreach and Partial Reclamation
2007-21: PIv6 for Legacy Holders with RSA and Efficient Use
2007-22 Expand Timeframe of Additional Requests
2007-23: End Policy for IANA IPv4 Allocations to RIRs
2008-4 Minimum Allocation in the Caribbean Region
2008-1: SWIP Support for Smaller than /29
2008-4: "Minimum Allocation in the Caribbean Region
Elected Officers: John Curran, Chairman; Scott Bradner, Secretary; Lee Howard, Treasurer
Appointed John Curran, Scott Bradner and Paul Vixie to the 2008 ARIN Compensation Committee
Appointed Lee Howard to the Board of Trustees, filling Bill Manning's vacant seat
Appointed Martin Hannigan to the NRO Number Council
Appointed 2008 Nomination Committee
Appointed the ARIN 401K Plan Trustees as ‘Employer' of the record for the ARIN 401K Plan (Plan)
Mandated an increase in voting participation efforts
Accepted the report of the Anti-Takeover Committee and dissolved the Committee
Adopted Acceptable Use Policy (AUP) v.1.1, for ARIN Email List
Approved modifications to ARIN Bylaws
Adopted ARIN Meetings Fellowship Program
Revised ARIN Appeals Process
Confirmed 2008 Election Results
Approved revision of Policy Development Process
Accepted the fiscal year 2009 Budget
Worked with Counsel to resolve legal matters
In addition to the bi-annual ARIN Public Policy Meetings, AC members attended 2 NANOG and 7 RIR meetings, the two ARIN Caribbean Sector meetings, and volunteered to assist at several outreach events.
The AC held a retreat in Reston, Virginia 12-13 January, 2008. Some of the discussion from the retreat led to the AC authoring 2008-2, the IPv4 Transfer Policy Proposal.
The AC worked on many proposals in 2008.
The AC recommended the Board adopt (and the Board adopted) the following:
2007-17: Legacy Outreach and Partial Reclamation.
2007-21: PIv6 for legacy holders with RSA and efficient use.
2007-22: Expand timeframe of Additional Requests
2007-23: End policy for IANA IPv4 Allocations to RIR's.
2008-1: SWIP support for smaller than a /29.
2008-4: Minimum Allocation in the Caribbean Region.
2008-5: Dedicated IPv4 block to facilitate IPv6 Deployment.
The AC abandoned the following:
2007-26: Deprecate Lame Server Policy
2007-27: Cooperative distribution of the end of the IPv4 free pool.
The following were still under development as 2008 came to a close:
2007-14: Resource Review Process.
2008-2: IPv4 Transfer Policy Proposal.
2008-3: Community Networks IPv6 Allocations.
2008-6: Emergency Transfer Policy for IPv4 Addresses.
2008-7: Whois Integrity Policy Proposal. (Along with proposals: Whois Authentication Alternatives, Whois POC email cleanup, and Annual WHOIS POC Validation)
Proposal: IPv4 Recovery Fund
Proposal: Depleted IPv4 reserves
The Number Resource Organization (NRO) Number Council fulfills the role of ICANN's Address Supporting
Organization Address Council (ASO AC), providing advice to the Board of ICANN on number resource allocation
policy, in conjunction with the RIRs.
NRO Number Council members from the ARIN region for 2008 were Martin Hannigan, Louis Lee, and Jason
Schiller. We thank them for their service and commitment to the Internet Community. Learn more about the work
of the NRO at: www.nro.net.
Thank you to the NRO Number Council representatives from the ARIN region!
Meeting minutes available online at:
Met four additional times via teleconference.
Meeting minutes are available online at:
The community in the ARIN region engages in a policy
development process to define how Internet number resources
will be managed and administered. The ARIN Number Resource
Policy Manual (NRPM) is the repository for all number resource
policies in the ARIN region.
ARIN facilitates policy development by hosting meetings and mail
lists to maintain an open and transparent process. Anyone may
participate - a prior relationship as an ARIN member or customer
is not a requirement. In December of 2008 the ARIN Board of
Trustees adopted the Policy Development Process (PDP) to
replace the Internet Resource Policy Evaluation Process (IRPEP)
as the process by which a proposal becomes a policy.
The new PDP was established to bring forth clear, technically
sound and useful policy. To that end, the ARIN Advisory Council
has been empowered as development body, and the process has
been balanced through the expansion of the petition process.
All the policy discussions held in 2008 were subject to IRPEP, and
those that were still in process as of 31 December were
transitioned to the PDP for completion.
• Subscribe to the Public Policy Mailing
List and discuss ideas for new policies,
pending proposals, and draft policies.
See more at:
• Participate in bi-annual Public Policy
meetings via webcast or as an
attendee. Draft policies are presented
and discussed at each meeting.
Meeting information is available at:
• Submit a proposal to create a new
policy or revise current policy. Read the
Policy Development Process at
and follow the instructions to submit a
Information about current draft policies and past policy proposals is
available at: https://www.arin.net/policy/proposals/
2007-14: Resource Review Process
ARIN XXI (Denver, Colorado)
The AC determined that this proposal required revision and held it to work with the author.
Caribbean Sector Meetings (Kingston, Jamaica & Nassau, Bahamas)
The AC determined that the results of discussion would be considered with the results of ARIN XXII.
ARIN XXII (Los Angeles, California)
The AC determined that this proposal required revision and held it to work with the author.
STATUS as of 31 December 2008: Remained in last call
Exact details of the changes to the Number Resource Policy Manual (NRPM), including references to specific
sections, are included in the Change Log, located in Appendix A of the NRPM and available at:
ARIN thanks everyone who joined us in person and online from 15-17 October 2008 in Los Angeles, California
for the ARIN XXII Public Policy and Members Meeting. The meeting was held back to back with NANOG 44, 12-
14 October at the Millennium Biltmore Hotel.
ARIN offered an improved remote participation experience using a combination of live transcripts, Jabber-
based chat, and a webcast for those that were unable to attend. Registered remote participants made their
voices heard in the Public Policy Meeting by submitting their questions and comments which were read from
the floor. For the first time, remote participants with registered chat handles were able to vote in discussion
polls. The webcast and community chat were open and available to the public throughout the meeting.
The transcripts of the policy discussions are available, along with the rest of the notes and minutes from ARIN
XXII, at: https://www.arin.net/participate/meetings/reports/ARIN_XXII/
The ARIN XXI Public Policy and Members Meeting was held in Denver, Colorado and featured a number of
special events in addition to the Public Policy discussions and Members Meeting. Network connectivity was
sponsored by WildBlue Communications.
ARIN offered attendees an opportunity to experiment on an IPv6-only network, demonstrations of new web-
based services, and a chance to comment on a new Policy Development Process. For the first time, the Sunday
afternoon educational events were made available to remote participants via webcast, including General
Counsel Steve Ryan's presentation on "Understanding the ARIN Legacy Registration Services Agreement."
The Wednesday Members Meeting included reports on ARIN activities, and Board Chair John Curran addressed
community issues regarding Election procedures and Mail List AUPs.
The full transcripts for the meeting, along with webcasts are available at:
Kingston, Jamaica 21 May 2008
On 21 May, ARIN hosted a Caribbean Sector Meeting in Kingston, Jamaica. The meeting allowed Caribbean resource holders to provide input to the Advisory Council on active policy proposals currently under discussion in the ARIN region. Richard Jimmerson, ARIN Chief Information Officer, briefed the attendees on ARIN activities in the Caribbean, and made educational presentations with Leslie Nobile, Director of Registration Services, on ARIN's Internet Resource Policy Evaluation Process and existing ARIN number resource policy. The meeting was co-sponsored by Mona Information Technology Services and IEEE Jamaica Sector. The meeting was held in conjunction with a CTU Workshop, and was attended by approximately 50 Internet service providers, network operators, Ministerial and Regulatory government officials, interest group members, Domain name operators, as well as other industry professionals living or working in the Caribbean.
The full transcripts for the meeting, along with webcasts are available at: https://www.arin.net/participate/meetings/reports/Carib_Spring_2008/
Nassau, Bahamas 16-17 September 2008
Following a very successful meeting in Kingston, Jamaica ARIN returned to the area to hold its second Caribbean Sector Public Policy meeting just prior to the ARIN XXII Public Policy and Members Meeting. In addition to the previously offered education and policy discussions, the ARIN Engineering department set up a native IPv6 network for educational experimentation during the Tuesday morning session, followed by a CTU Workshop: Regulatory Innovation in the IP World. The Wednesday sessions were dedicated to the discussion of the seven active policy proposals in the ARIN region and ARIN updates. The content of the policy discussions was provided to the Advisory Council for consideration during their deliberations and published on the Public Policy Mailing List (firstname.lastname@example.org) in keeping with ARIN's open and transparent policy development process. Carleton Samuels of the University of the West Indies gave a featured presentation on the issue of Internet exchange points in the Caribbean.
The full transcripts for the meeting, along with webcasts are available at: https://www.arin.net/participate/meetings/reports/Carib_Fall_2008/
We continued our outreach efforts in 2008, finding new ways to interact with existing groups and encompassing new venues and audiences. Efforts focused on awareness of IPv4 free pool depletion, IPv6 adoption, and the ARIN policy development process.
Outreach activities often include speaking engagements and exhibiting in tradeshows. Community outreach falls into four broad categories: regional support, industry events, tradeshows, and Internet governance and registry events.
Regional outreach increases community awareness and participation. Efforts concentrated on the Caribbean, with ARIN holding two Caribbean Sector Meetings - one in Kingston, Jamaica and one in Nassau, Bahamas - to solicit Caribbean community feedback on policies under discussion. ARIN returned to the Caribbean Association of National Telecommunication Organization's (CANTO) 24th Annual Telecommunications Conference and Trade Exhibition in the Bahamas to expand Caribbean participation.
In addition to Caribbean outreach efforts, ARIN participated in the Navajo Nation Information Technology Summit, a Federation of Internet Solution Providers of the Americas (FISPA) event, the Rocky Mountain IPv6 Task Force Summit, and the ICT Summit in Vancouver, BC, to enhance regional access and participation.
ARIN maintains a presence at a number of industry events to stay current on trends and to keep the community up to date on pertinent issues. At NANOG meetings, we continued to use the combined registration services help desk and information kiosk model that we debuted in 2007. IP analysts answered questions about how to get Internet number resources from ARIN and worked with individuals on specific resource request issues. Member Services staff encouraged attendees to participate in ARIN activities and to subscribe and participate on the Public Policy Mailing List. Educational literature and multimedia presentations were also available at meetings including IETF, Educause, Internet 2, Joint Techs, State of the Net, the Media Reform Conference, and the International Summit for Community Wireless.
ARIN participates in tradeshows to reach individuals who haven't taken an active role in the community yet.
ARIN returned to ISPCON, HostingCon, Video on the Net (VON), and the USENIX Large Installation Systems Administration Conference (LISA). ARIN found additional opportunities to educate other industries and groups including FOSE, Caribbean Telecommunications Union (CTU) workshops, and the Nonprofit Technology Conference.
Internet Governance and Other Registry Events
Interacting with peers at other Regional Internet Registries and taking part in the Internet governance process is key to the continued strength of the ARIN community. ARIN's new Executive Director of Government Affairs, Cathy Handley, took the lead to represent the community on the global stage at Internet governance and other registry events. She was an active participant in ITU-T study groups and the ITU World Telecommunications Standardization Assembly (WTSA), where she focused on clarifying IP addressing issues.
ARIN Board members and other executives also played active roles in Internet governance by participating in discussion panels and attending meetings hosted by ICANN and the IGF. Various representatives from the Board, Advisory Council, and staff attended all Regional Internet Registry meetings around the globe. Global participation facilitates cooperation, and allows ARIN's elected representatives a full perspective on the global implications of our own regionally developed policies.
We continued looking for collaborative options to further expand ARIN outreach, working with other Internet organizations to increase community participation, and continuing to educate government and industry about key issues that will impact Internet number resource distribution and management in the upcoming years.
Function: The Member Services Department facilitates the policy development process, manages association services, membership support, information services, and supports ARIN outreach activities.
The department welcomed three new staff members in 2008; Dé Harvey, Meeting Planner; Jud Lewis, Membership Coordinator; and Scott Gordon, Web Designer. In 2008, MSD focused on facilitating outreach and increasing member participation. In addition to the two regular Public Policy and Members Meetings, ARIN held Caribbean Sector Public Policy meetings in Jamaica and the Bahamas. Beginning at ARIN XXII in Los Angeles, we offered an improved remote participation experience to improve accessibility and participation opportunities for those unable to attend in person. We offered a combination of live transcripts, webcasts, and chat rooms where registered remote participants were able to make their voices heard by submitting questions and comments during discussions. Registered remote participants were also able to vote in discussion polls. ARIN provided the webcast and community chat to the public throughout the meeting. All meeting materials were available online, and remote participants were able to complete the Cyber Café questionnaires and enter meeting raffles.
MSD undertook a coordinated and comprehensive "Get Out the Voter" campaign this year, which resulted in a huge increase in participation over 2007: 496% more votes in the Advisory Council election, and 522% more votes in the Board of Trustee election. The effort began with a postal mail piece to raise awareness about ARIN's elected bodies, and we followed that with an interactive presentation that was sent to potential voters and other individuals registered with ARIN as a Point-of-Contact (POC). The presentation provided information on the elected bodies and offered recipients an opportunity to test their knowledge about ARIN elections. The campaign closed with certified letters and personal calls by ARIN staffers to Designated Member Representatives (DMRs) during the voting period to remind them of the importance of the election and encouraging them to cast their ballot.
MSD released a number of new educational tools in 2008. In February, we published two new issues of the ‘Team ARIN' educational comic book series. Issue 2 featured Team ARIN combating a new enemy, Agent FUD, and working to raise awareness about the issue of depletion of the available pool of IPv4 addresses. In Issue 3, Agent FUD returned seeking to undermine the Internet community's migration to IPv6. At ARIN XXI in Denver, CO, we debuted a new Flash-based presentation called "About ARIN" that provides an overview of our mission, community, and processes. The presentation is now part of the regular presentations ARIN uses at tradeshows and outreach events, as well as at the Cyber Café during ARIN Public Policy and Members Meetings.
In cooperation with the Cooperative Association for Internet Data Analysis (CAIDA), ARIN conducted a survey to gather data regarding current and projected use of IPv6. After the initial survey, the results of which were presented at ARIN XXI in Denver, a follow-up survey expanded the scope. In order to collect global IPv6 adoption data, all the Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) invited their respective communities to participate. With a broader base of respondents, this survey resulted in much more comprehensive data and created a baseline for future IPv6 deployment research. Details of the surveys are available in the ARIN XXI and ARIN XXII meeting reports on the ARIN website.
MSD's plans include some big projects for 2009. We will complete a major 2008 initiative when we roll out a new static website in the first quarter of the year. Other projects underway include the first meeting cycle using the updated Policy Development Process (PDP) and creation of a new Flash presentation to promote and explain the process. ARIN will implement a Meeting Fellowship Program with a call for Fellows to attend ARIN XXIII in San Antonio, TX in April 2009. The program offers financial support to one individual from each of the three sectors in the ARIN region (Canada, the Caribbean, and the U.S.) to attend a Public Policy and Members Meeting.
Function: Performs hardware, software, and database maintenance, system administration, internal network operations, software development, and hardware acquisition.
Engineering underwent major organizational restructuring late in 2007, so 2008 was the first year of operation under the new Chief Technology Officer, and with a Quality Assurance Department, and Requirements Analyst to help the development and operations teams.
Improvements to customer-facing processes: The department led a multi-department effort to improve the ARIN website. Beginning with a pilot site, we tested changes intended to improve the customer experience. The resulting feedback helped us roll out our first release.
Improvements to public -facing systems: We released new sites in our collocation facilities both in Ashburn and at a new site in San Jose. We now operate 25% of authoritative DNS services that were previously performed by one contractor, thereby reducing our dependency in the event of contractor failure. We also introduced a public repository for ARIN-related software in response to the ACSP process.
IPv6 and Internal Systems: We have made every customer-facing service available over IPv6. Additionally, we deployed IPv6 available to internal systems. We have upgraded our core systems to continue commercial support and to provide 100% redundancy in the event of failure. We also upgraded the LAME detection system to be more robust in detecting failures with appropriate reporting. Finally, we have been in the process of streamlining the billing systems to reduce redundant data entry and duplicate reporting.
Research Projects: ARIN has been involved in Resource Certification (description of Resource Certification is at http://mirin.apnic.net/resourcecerts/wiki/index.php/Main_Page). Under contract, ISC has delivered software that follows the protocols associated with Resource Certification, and ARIN is creating a pilot system for the community to play and comment on within the first six months of 2009.
The major goal for 2009 is to complete support of a multi-department effort to improve the ARIN website and provide web services to improve the customer interface options; fielding a pilot of Resource Certificates that are to be associated with IP addresses and Autonomous systems; and creating more robust internal services.
Function: Allocates and assigns Internet number resources, maintains IP registry and routing registry directories, administers reverse mapping DNS, and operates the ARIN Registration Services Help Desk.
The Registration Services Department (RSD) continued to provide high quality service to ARIN customers in 2008. Besides the critical tasks of allocating and assigning Internet number resources, operating a telephonic help desk, and maintaining the WHOIS Directory Service, reverse delegation registrations and a Routing Registry Service, RSD was actively involved in several external education and training activities over the course of the year.
RSD participated in several outreach activities, including ISPCON in San Jose, CA, HostingCon in Chicago, IL, and FOSE in Washington, DC. We also offered an ARIN registration help desk at all three NANOG meetings, and supported two ARIN Caribbean Sector Meetings.
In keeping with our mission to be good stewards of Internet number resources we were very active in revoking overdue accounts, which resulted in the reclamation of a large number of ASNs as well as a substantial amount of IPv4 address space being returned to the available pool. We also conducted a successful outreach effort to contact Legacy space holders and inform them about the new Legacy RSA. Statistics on this effort are available at: https://www.arin.net/resources/legacy/outreach.html
In October we undertook an email campaign informing all registered POCs of new services available through the ARIN secure login. Many individuals registered and set up web accounts as a result of this effort.
RSD implemented seven new policies, and began a large-scale effort to clean up lameness in in-addr.arpa. We also held a full-day strategic planning meeting to work on improvements and enhancements and to set group goals.
In 2009, we will continue to improve the customer experience at ARIN by:
- broadening the technical knowledge of staff through internal and external training
- improving internal processes
- developing web services
- educating the community about the Legacy RSA
- making further improvements to the lame delegation process
- producing updated relevant registration statistics
Function: Provides ARIN financial services, which include accounts receivable, accounts payable, contracts, budgeting, general accounting and legal activities, and financial reporting.
Actions: ARIN made multiple improvements to our accounting process in order to better meet the needs of the community. We changed ARIN's accounting software support contractor to provide a more timely response to issues and an expanded expertise for the software.
A new lock-box account was implemented to improve payment security and automate payment processing, in response to the Sarbanes-Oxley audit performed in late 2007.
FSD expanded to include a Staff Attorney, who will review contracts, RSA's, internal and external policies, and regulatory processes and guidelines that ARIN is required to meet.
Improvements: ARIN's contracting process is in place and was used for two RFP projects in 2008, one of which resulted in a successfully awarded contract.
ARIN's investment program was structured in such a way as to weather the financial environment with less loss than the indexes.
ARIN developed new budget categories for financial reporting to the Board to better reflect the functional efforts of the organization.
Ongoing: The Engineering Department is providing support to FSD for ongoing projects. The pending secure login website project will allow customers to interface with their billing data. FSD is working closely with Engineering and other ARIN departments on this.
FSD continues to scan Registration Services Agreements, RSAs, into an internal file system, which allows the Financial Services Department (FSD) to better retrieve and track these contracts.
FSD continues to endeavor to provide the best service possible to ARIN's membership and to the other departments in the organization. As always, we welcome feedback and suggestions for improvements.
Function: To perform personnel acquisition, employee compensation management, benefits administration, payroll administration, employee training, office management, office security, and travel administration. Administer all aspects of Human Resources for the organization, and work closely with the department heads and President/CEO to ensure that ARIN's employee practices are in compliance with the law and meet the highest possible standards.
Update: The Human Resources and Administration Department is ARIN's organizational backbone, providing staff and administrative support to the entire organization. In 2008, we coordinated some minor internal construction, and set up comfortable working spaces for our new positions.
We encourage and support staff in the pursuit of advanced training to enable us to better serve our community. Staff members participated in a wide variety of training classes this past year, including Contracts Management, Oracle, PR Bootcamp, Myers Briggs Certification course, and Federal Society for Law and Public Policy Studies. Utilizing the employee education program, a member of the Financial Services team completed her 4-year degree in December and has already begun a master's program. And two members of the Engineering Department anticipate completing their 4-year degrees in 2009.
This year, the entire company participated in "Team Building with Myers Briggs". The sessions were lively, participative and humorous! The management team continues to find ways to make ARIN a collaborative, positive and productive work environment.
As of 31 December 2008, the ARIN staff had grown to 48 full-time, one part-time employee and several temporary employees. There were seven new hires to fill two new positions and five replacements. ARIN is proud of its strong, knowledgeable, and tenured employee base. Twenty-three employees have been at ARIN for five years or more, and six employees have reached or will soon reach the 10-year mark. The average employee tenure is just over five years.
Developed by the ARIN Board of Trustees, and
available since September 2006, the ARIN
Consultation and Suggestion Process (ACSP) was
frequently exercised by the Internet community
The process components are explained on the ARIN
website at the following URL:
ARIN's Consultation and Suggestion Process (ACSP)
Mailing List, email@example.com, was renamed
firstname.lastname@example.org as a result of a suggestion
received in April 2008.