IPv4 Private Address Space and Filtering
According to standards set forth in Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) document RFC-1918, the following IPv4 address ranges have been reserved by the IANA for private internets, and are not publicly routable on the global internet:
- 10.0.0.0/8 IP addresses: 10.0.0.0 -- 10.255.255.255
- 172.16.0.0/12 IP addresses: 172.16.0.0 -- 172.31.255.255
- 192.168.0.0/16 IP addresses: 192.168.0.0 – 192.168.255.255
Note that only a portion of the "172" and the "192" address ranges are designated for private use. The remaining addresses are "public," and routable on the global Internet.
It is important to use caution when setting filters to exclude these private address ranges. In some cases, adjacent address space has been issued by the RIRs to their customers and is in production use.
In August 2012, ARIN began allocating "172" address space to internet service, wireless and content providers. There have been reports from the community that many network operators are denying access to devices having IP addresses from within the entire 172 /8 range. As a result, any device with a 172.x.x.x IP address may have difficulty reaching some sites on the global Internet. The only way to solve this problem is for those operators to reconfigure their router or firewall access control and filter only address space from the 172.16.0.0 /12 range.